Years ago, the norm was that children were raised in a home with both parents present. However, in today's society, it is common place for children to be raised in a home with only one parent. This scenario is often the product of divorce or unmarried parents having a child. Regardless, children do need the support of both parents; therefore, child support is usually issued by the Illinois court.
The first step in determining child support is to identify the custodial and noncustodial parent. In a situation where the parents are unmarried, a paternity test may be required. If the individual identified as the father is unwilling to submit to such testing, it can be ordered by the court.
The income of both parties is also a factor in establishing child support. Generally, a percentage of the noncustodial parent's income is paid. Then, if this individual's income later increases, the matter can be reviewed by the court. Likewise, if the noncustodial parent's income decreases, he or she can ask for a court review to determine if an adjustment can be made.
Raising children is an expensive venture. In addition to a home and food, they need clothing, school supplies, money for extracurricular activities and a variety of other costly items. The Illinois court recognizes that meeting these needs is the responsibility of both parents. While one parent may hold primary responsibility for the day-to-day care of the child, both parents remain financially responsible. Experienced legal counsel can assist in analyzing the situation and presenting the facts to an Illinois court for child support to be determined.
Source: family.findlaw.com, "Child Support Basics", Nov. 20, 2017